A Novel Moisture-Insensitive and Low-Corrosivity Ionic Liquid Electrolyte for Rechargeable Aluminum Batteries

Chi Li, Jagabandhu Patra, Ju Li, Purna Chandra Rath, Ming Hsien Lin, Jeng Kuei Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rechargeable aluminum batteries (RABs) are extensively developed due to their cost-effectiveness, eco-friendliness, and low flammability and the earth abundance of their electrode materials. However, the commonly used RAB ionic liquid (IL) electrolyte is highly moisture-sensitive and corrosive. To address these problems, a 4-ethylpyridine/AlCl3 IL is proposed. The effects of the AlCl3 to 4-ethylpyridine molar ratio on the electrode charge–discharge properties are systematically examined. A maximum graphite capacity of 95 mAh g−1 is obtained at 25 mA g−1. After 1000 charge–discharge cycles, ≈85% of the initial capacity can be retained. In situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction is employed to examine the electrode reaction mechanism. In addition, low corrosion rates of Al, Cu, Ni, and carbon-fiber paper electrodes are confirmed in the 4-ethylpyridine/AlCl3 IL. When opened to the ambient atmosphere, the measured capacity of the graphite cathode is only slightly lower than that found in a N2-filled glove box; moreover, the capacity retention upon 100 cycles is as high as 75%. The results clearly indicate the great potential of this electrolyte for practical RAB applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1909565
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • air-stable
  • Al/graphite cells
  • corrosion
  • electrolyte design
  • in situ X-ray diffraction

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