A new lossy substrate model for accurate RF CMOS noise extraction and simulation with frequency and bias dependence

Jyh-Chyurn Guo*, Yi Min Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


A lossy substrate model is developed to accurately simulate the measured RF noise of 80-nm super-100-GHz fT n-MOSFETs. A substrate RLC network built in the model plays a key role responsible for the nonlinear frequency response of noise in 1-18-GHz regime, which did not follow the typical thermal noise theory. Good match with the measured S-parameters, Y-parameters, and noise parameters before deembedding proves the lossy substrate model. The intrinsic RF noise can be extracted easily and precisely by the lossy substrate deembedding using circuit simulation. The accuracy has been justified by good agreement in terms of Id, gm , Y-parameters, and f T under a wide range of bias conditions and operating frequencies. Both channel thermal noise and resistance induced excess noises have been implemented in simulation. A white noise γ factor extracted to be higher than 2/3 accounts for the velocity saturation and channel length modulation effects. The extracted intrinsic NFmin as low as 0.6-0.7 dB at 10 GHz indicates the advantages of super-100 GHz fT offered by the sub-100-nm multifinger n-MOSFETs. The frequency dependence of noise resistance Rn suggests the bulk RC coupling induced excess channel thermal noise apparent in 1-10-GHz regime. The study provides useful guideline for low noise and low power design by using sub-100-nm RF CMOS technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1717768
Pages (from-to)3975-3985
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2006


  • Lossy substrate
  • Noise
  • RLC network

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