A low-power bio-potential acquisition system with flexible PDMS dry electrodes for portable ubiquitous healthcare applications

Chih Yuan Chen, Chia Lin Chang, Chih Wei Chang, Shin Chi Lai, Tsung Fu Chien, Hong Yi Huang, Jin-Chern Chiou, Ching Hsing Luo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work describes a bio-potential acquisition system for portable ubiquitous healthcare applications using flexible polydimethylsiloxane dry electrodes (FPDEs) and a low-power recording circuit. This novel FPDE used Au as the skin contact layer, which was made using a CO2 laser and replica method technology. The FPDE was revised from a commercial bio-potential electrode with a conductive snap using dry electrodes rather than wet electrodes that proposed reliable and robust attachment for the purpose of measurement, and attaching velcro made it wearable on the forearm for bio-potential applications. Furthermore, this study proposes a recording device to store bio-potential signal data and provides portability and low-power consumption for the proposed acquisition system. To acquire differential bio-potentials, such as electrocardiogram (ECG) signals, the proposed recording device includes a low-power front-end acquisition chip fabricated using a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) process, a commercial microcontroller (MSP430F149), and a secure digital (SD) card for portable healthcare applications. The proposed system can obtain ECG signals efficiently and are comfortable to the skin. The power consumption of the system is about 85 mW for continuous working over a 3 day period with two AA batteries. It can also be used as a compact Holter ECG system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3077-3091
Number of pages15
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Bio-potential acquisition system
  • Dry electrode
  • ECG
  • PDMS
  • PMMA

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