A Ku-band CMOS FMCW radar transceiver with ring oscillator based waveform generation for snowpack remote sensing

Yanghyo Kim, Adrian Tang, Kuo Nan Liou, Thomas H. Painter, Mau-Chung Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a Ku-band (14-16 GHz) CMOS frequency modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) radar transceiver developed to measure snow depth for water management purposes and to aid in retrieval of snow water equivalent (SWE). An on-chip direct digital frequency synthesizer (DDFS) and digital-to-analog converter (DAC) digitally generates the chirping waveform which then drives a ring oscillator based Ku-Band phase-locked loop (PLL) to provide the final Ku-band FMCW signal. Employing a ring oscillator as oppose to a tuned inductor based oscillator (LC-VCO) allows the radar to achieve wider chirp bandwidth resulting in a higher axial resolution (7.5cm) which is needed to accurately quantify the snowpack profile. The demonstrated radar chip is fabricated in a 65nm CMOS process, and it consumes 250mW of power under 1.1V supply, making its payload requirements suitable for observations from a small UAV.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, IMS 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages64-66
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781509063604
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Oct 2017
Event2017 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, IMS 2017 - Honololu, United States
Duration: 4 Jun 20179 Jun 2017

Publication series

NameIEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest
ISSN (Print)0149-645X

Conference

Conference2017 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, IMS 2017
CountryUnited States
CityHonololu
Period4/06/179/06/17

Keywords

  • FMCW
  • PLL
  • Ring Oscillator
  • Snow Depth Measurement

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