A knowledge-based step length estimation method based on fuzzy logic and multi-sensor fusion algorithms for a pedestrian dead reckoning system

Ying Chih Lai*, Chin Chia Chang, Chia-Ming Tsai, Shih Ching Huang, Kai Wei Chiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The demand for pedestrian navigation has increased along with the rapid progress in mobile and wearable devices. This study develops an accurate and usable Step Length Estimation (SLE) method for a Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) system with features including a wide range of step lengths, a self-contained system, and real-Time computing, based on the multi-sensor fusion and Fuzzy Logic (FL) algorithms. The wide-range SLE developed in this study was achieved by using a knowledge-based method to model the walking patterns of the user. The input variables of the FL are step strength and frequency, and the output is the estimated step length. Moreover, a waist-mounted sensor module has been developed using low-cost inertial sensors. Since low-cost sensors suffer from various errors, a calibration procedure has been utilized to improve accuracy. The proposed PDR scheme in this study demonstrates its ability to be implemented on waist-mounted devices in real time and is suitable for the indoor and outdoor environments considered in this study without the need for map information or any pre-installed infrastructure. The experiment results show that the maximum distance error was within 1.2% of 116.51 m in an indoor environment and was 1.78% of 385.2 m in an outdoor environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Fuzzy logic
  • Multi-sensor fusion
  • Pedestrian dead reckoning
  • Step length estimation
  • Wearable device

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