This paper presents a 4 × VDD neuro-stimulator in a 0.18-μm 1.8 V/3.3 V CMOS process. The self-adaption bias technique and stacked MOS configuration are used to prevent transistors from the electrical overstress and gate-oxide reliability issue. A high-voltage-tolerant level shifter with power-on protection is used to drive the neuro-stimulator The reliability measurement of up to 100 million periodic cycles with 3000-μA biphasic stimulations in 12-V power supply has verified that the proposed neuro-stimulator is robust. Precise charge balance is achieved by using a novel current memory cell with the dual calibration loops and leakage current compensation. The charge mismatch is down to 0.25% over all the stimulus current ranges (200-300 μA) The residual average dc current is less than 6.6 nA after shorting operation.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2016|
- Charge balance
- current memory cell
- leakage current compensation
- level shifter