Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiogenic factor that signals through VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, which are expressed preferentially in proliferating endothelial cells. Thus, simultaneous blockage of both VEGF receptors may provide a more efficient therapeutic response in cancer treatment. We created a recombinant fusion protein (RBDV-IgG1 Fc), which is composed of the receptor binding domain of human VEGF-A (residues 8-109) and the Fc region of human IgG1 immunoglobulin. The recombinant protein can bind to both mouse VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 to decrease VEGF-induced proliferation and tube formation of endothelial cells in vitro. In this study, the RBDV-IgG1 Fc fusion protein reduced the effects of proliferation, migration and tube formation induced by VEGF in murine endothelial cells in vitro. In vivo tumor therapy with RBDV-IgG1 Fc resulted in tumor inhibition by reducing angiogenesis. Pathological evidence also shows that RBDV-IgG1 Fc can seriously damage vessels, causing the death of tumor cells. These findings suggest that this chimeric protein has potential as an angiogenesis antagonist in tumor therapy.
- Antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity
- Receptor-binding domain of VEGF
- Vascular endothelial growth factor