A constrained multibody system dynamics avoiding kinematic singularities

Chih Fang Huang*, Chang Dau Yan, Shyr Long Jeng, Wei-Hua Chieng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the analysis of constrained multibody systems, the constraint reaction forces are normally expressed in terms of the constraint equations and a vector of Lagrange multipliers. Because it fails to incorporate conservation of momentum, the Lagrange multiplier method is deficient when the constraint Jacobian matrix is singular. This paper presents an improved dynamic formulation for the constrained multibody system. In our formulation, the kinematic constraints are still formulated in terms of the joint constraint reaction forces and moments; however, the formulations are based on a second-order Taylor expansion so as to incorporate the rigid body velocities. Conservation of momentum is included explicitly in this method; hence the problems caused by kinematic singularities can be avoided. In addition, the dynamic formulation is general and applicable to most dynamic analyses. Finally the 3-leg Stewart platform is used for the example of analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-214
Number of pages11
JournalJSME International Journal, Series C: Mechanical Systems, Machine Elements and Manufacturing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2002


  • Constrained multibody system
  • Constraint reaction force
  • Kinematic constraints
  • Kinematic singularity

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