A conflict-insensitive NATed roaming framework using NAToD for proxy mobile IPv4 in WLANs

Wen Kang Jia*, Yaw-Chung Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Providing efficient mobility management in the current Internet is increasingly important due to the quick growth of wireless mobile users. The emerging Proxy Mobile IPv4 (PMIPv4) technique brings a possible solution for that purpose. Since NAT function is widely adopted in IPv4 environment nowadays because of lacking IPv4 addresses, the PMIPv4 interoperating with NAT must be considered. Unfortunately, owing to the possible conflict of private IP address, we encounter a problem in broadcasted point-to-multipoint wireless networks such as IEEE 802.11 networks. To address this issue, we proposed a novel Network Address Translation on Demand (NAToD) scheme, which can well interoperate with the PMIPv4 solution. With our scheme, single public IPv4 addresses can be shared by multiple mobile nodes in both home and foreign networks, low-latency handoff can be achieved, deployment cost can be reduced, and software upgrade can be avoided for mobile nodes in wireless LANs. Our work allows mobile users in WLAN to access Internet based on the advantages of both PMIPv4 and NAT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-328
Number of pages14
JournalTelecommunication Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2013


  • Network Address Translation on Demand (NAToD)
  • Network-based localized mobility management (NetLMM)
  • Proxy Mobile IPv4 (PMIPv4)

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