This paper presents a case study on the collapse caused by sudden groundwater ingression in the Pinglin pilot tunnel, and the treatments developed for the adverse ground conditions encountered. The ideas for the ground treatment are to reduce groundwater pressure as well as to consolidate the fractured zone in rock formations. The paper highlights the importance of paying particular attention to the ground treatment process and grouting quality control. Ongoing adjustments of grouting mixture and pressure may be necessary with the changing ground conditions.
- Case study
- Groundwater ingression