A 7-bit, 2.2-GS/s time-interleaved subranging CMOS analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for low-power gigabit wireless communication system-on-a-chip (SoC) is presented. A time-splitting subranging architecture is invented to significantly boost the speed of individual ADC channels. In addition, a low-power and fast-settling distributed resistor array for reference voltages is proposed to mitigate gain mismatches within channels. Moreover, the channel offset mismatches are calibrated through the digital- controlled corrective current sources embedded in the track-and-hold amplifiers of each sub-ADC. The prototype is implemented in 65 nm CMOS, occupying only 0.3 mm 2 chip area and consuming 40 mW at 2.2 GS/s from a 1 V supply. Measured signal-to-noise and distortion ratio (SNDR) and spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR) are 38 dB and 46 dB, respectively, with a 1.08 GHz input at 2.2 GS/s sampling rate. The effective number of bits (ENOB) is 6.0 bits at Nyquist rate, and the figure-of-merit (F.O.M.) is 0.28 pJ/conv.-step. This prototype has also been integrated into a gigabit self-healing wireless transceiver SoC.
- Analog-to-digital conversion
- CMOS analog integrated circuits
- subranging A/D converters
- switched capacitor circuits
- time-interleaved ADC (TI-ADC)