Ternary content-addressable memory (TCAM) is used in search engines for network and big-data processing -. Nonvolatile TCAM (nvTCAM) was developed to reduce cell area (A), search energy (ES), and standby power beyond what can be achieved using SRAM-based TCAM (sTCAM) -: particularly in applications with long idle times and frequent-search-few-write operations. nvTCAMs were previously designed using diode-4T2R (D4T2R) with STT-MTJ , 2T2R with phase-change memory , 4T2R and 3T1R with ReRAM [5,6]. However, these NV devices suffer from the following issues: 1) High ES requirements due to cell-DC-current (IDC-CELL) as well as large match-line (ML) parasitic load (CML), particularly when word-length (WDL) is long; 2) Large A due to the use of two NVM (2R) devices - or in-cell control logic ; 3) Limited WDL caused by small ML current-ratio (IML-ratio ? IML-MIS/N∗IML-M) between mismatch current (IML-MIS) and the leakage-current (IML-M) from cells on a ML, particularly when NVM resistance (R)-ratio (=RHRS /RLRS) between high-R (HRS, RHRS) and low-R (LRS, RLRS) states is small due to process variation; 4) Long search delays (TSD) due to large CML and small IML-ratio. This work proposes 1) a 2.5T1R cell to reduce A, CML, and ES as well as increase IML-ratio; and 2) a region-splitter (RS) sense amplifier (SA) to achieve robust sensing with a smaller ML-Voltage (VML) swing (VMLS) to reduce TSD and ES.