This letter presents a 2.4 GHz Class-C QVCO using an in-phase coupling topology. The phase noise of the proposed QVCO is effectively reduced by using a lower gate biasing voltage at the cross-coupled pairs and an in-phase coupling technique. A complementary Class-C oscillator is employed to enhance the startup robustness over a temperature range from -25°C to 100°C. A quadrature oscillator, implemented in a 0.18 μm CMOS process, achieves a phase noise lower than -130.7 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offsets and a frequency tuning range from 2.23 to 2.57 GHz while only consuming 3 mW. The design attains a remarkable figure-of-merit of 193.7 dBc/Hz.
- In-phase coupling
- low phase noise