A 2-bit/Cell Gate-All-Around Flash Memory of Self-Assembled Silicon Nanocrystals

Hung Bin Chen, Chun-Yen Chang, Min-Feng Hung, Zih-Yun Tang, Ya-Chi Cheng, Yung Chun Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work presents gate-all-around (GAA) polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) nanowires (NWs) channel poly-Si/SiO2/Si3N4/SiO2/poly-Si (SONOS) nonvolatile memory (NVM) with a self-assembled Si nanocrystal (Si-NC) embedded charge trapping (CT) layer. Fabrication of the Si-NCs is simple and compatible with the current flash process. The 2-bit operations based on channel hot electrons injection for programming and channel hot holes injection for erasing are clearly achieved by the localized discrete trap. In the programming and erasing characteristics studies, the GAA structure can effectively reduce operation voltage and shorten pulse time. One-bit programming or erasing does not affect the other bit. In the high-temperature retention characteristics studies, the cell embedded with Si-NCs shows excellent electrons confinement vertically and laterally. With respect to endurance characteristics, the memory window does not undergo closure after 10(4) program/erase (P/E) cycle stress. The 2-bit operation for GAA Si-NCs NVM provides scalability, reliability and flexibility in three-dimensional (3D) high-density flash memory applications. (C) 2013 The Japan Society of Applied Physics
Original languageEnglish
Article number021302
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013

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