87% overall high efficiency and 11 μa ultra-low standby current derived by overall power management in laptops with flexible voltage scaling and dynamic voltage scaling techniques

Shang Hsien Yang, Chao Chang Chiu, Chih Wei Chang, Chen Min Chen, Che Hao Meng, Ke-Horng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The proposed overall power management in laptops can improve overall power conversion efficiency by the flexible voltage scaling (FVS) technique in cooperation with conventional dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) technique. The FVS technique separates the controller into two parts. One is a simple primary side controller and the other is emerged into the power management unit in the laptop for getting direct power control from the microprocessor. 12% light load efficiency and 7% peak efficiency are improved compared to conventional designwith theDVS technique only but without the FVS technique. Furthermore, green mode is proposed to effectively reduce chip quiescent current to 11μA and to suppress power loss to 10mWin ultra-light load, which is much smaller than 500 mW standby power defined by the restriction of Energy Star Standard and 40 mW of state-of-art commercial products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7138643
Pages (from-to)3118-3127
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) technique
  • Flexible voltage scaling (FVS) technique
  • Green mode (GM)
  • Overall power management (OPM)

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