60-GHz millimeter-wave over fiber with directly modulated dual-mode laser diode

Cheng Ting Tsai, Chi Hsiang Lin, Chun-Ting Lin, Yu Chieh Chi, Gong Ru Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


A directly modulated dual-mode laser diode (DMLD) with third-order intermodulation distortion (IMD 3) suppression is proposed for a 60-GHz millimeter-wave over fiber (MMWoF) architecture, enabling new fiber-wireless communication access to cover 4-km single-mode-fiber (SMF) and 3-m wireless 16-QAM OFDM transmissions. By dual-mode injection-locking, the throughput degradation of the DMLD is mitigated with saturation effect to reduce its threshold, IMD 3 power and relative intensity noise to 7.7 mA, -85 dBm and -110.4 dBc/Hz, respectively, providing huge spurious-free dynamic range of 85.8 dB/Hz 2/3. This operation suppresses the noise floor of the DMLD carried QPSK-OFDM spectrum by 5 dB. The optical receiving power is optimized to restrict the power fading effect for improving the bit error rate to 1.9 × 10 -3 and the receiving power penalty to 1.1 dB. Such DMLD based hybrid architecture for 60-GHz MMW fiber-wireless access can directly cover the current optical and wireless networks for next-generation indoor and short-reach mobile communications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27919
JournalScientific reports
StatePublished - 14 Jun 2016

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