11.25-ms-group-delay and low-complexity algorithm design of 18-band quasi-ANSI S1.11 1/3 octave digital filterbank for hearing aids

Shin Chi Lai, Chih Hao Liu, Ling Yi Wang, Shin Hao Chen, Ke-Horng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This paper presents a novel algorithm and architecture design for 18-band quasi-class-2 ANSI S1.11 1/3 octave filterbank. The proposed design has several advantages such as lower group delay, lower computational complexity, and lower matching error. The technique we developed in this paper can be summarized as follows: 1) a simple low-pass filter (LPF) and discrete cosine transform (DCT) modulation are utilized to generate a uniform 9-band filterbank first, and then all elements of ${\rm z}-1 are replaced by all-pass filters to obtain a non-uniform filterbank; 2) a fast recursive structure and variable-length algorithm is further developed to efficiently accomplish DCT modulation. Thus, the spectrum of LPF can be easily spanned and flexibly extended to the location of the desired central frequency; 3) after employing the multi-rate algorithm, an 18-band non-uniform filterbank is generated from two 9-band sub filterbanks by following the proposed design steps and parameter determinations. Compared with the latest Liu 's quasi-class-2 ANSI S1.11 design, the proposed method-I (Proposed-I) totally has 72.8% reduction for multiplications per sample, 11.25-ms group delay, and 59 additions decreased per sample. Moreover, the maximum matching error of the proposed method-II (Proposed-II) is averagely equal to 1.79 dB much smaller than that of the latest Wei 's design. For the proposed variable-length DCT modulation, only 2 adders, 2 multipliers, 2 multiplexers, and 5 registers are required for hardware implementation after applying VLSI retiming scheme. Overall, the proposed filterbank design would be a new solution for future applications in the area of hearing aids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7083730
Pages (from-to)1572-1581
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2015


  • ANSI S1.11
  • digital hearing aids
  • discrete cosine transform (DCT) modulation
  • filterbank

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